Will Mubarak Be Prosecuted?

This story originally appeared on The Huffington Post.

In the non-resignation heard ’round the world, Hosni Mubarak vowed on Thursday to Egypt’s “martyrs” to “hold accountable all the people who committed crimes against you, and with the utmost punishment and penalties.”

After the Egyptian leader’s departure from office on Friday, a larger question looms: who will hold Hosni Mubarak accountable for his 30 years atop one of the world’s most repressive regimes?

Potential answers are finally starting to crystallize. The subject garnered virtually no attention during the 18-day uprising, as Mubarak’s critics treaded carefully so long as he remained in office. Protesters overwhelmingly coalesced around a single demand: “Leave!” Opposition leader Mohammed ElBaradei called for Mubarak’s “safe exit” from power, President Obama for a “graceful exit.” Human rights organizations kept their distance from any talk of legal action that might have spooked the defiant dictator into digging in even deeper.

Since his resignation, all that has started to change. The Swiss Federal Council moved immediately on Friday to freeze Mubarak family assets in the country’s banks. In Tahrir Square, cries of “We want the money,” reportedly broke out in reference to the estimated billions Mubarak has amassed during his reign. Meanwhile, an anonymous group of Egyptian activists has petitioned the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague to open an investigation into alleged crimes against humanity.

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